Apprentice – Journeyman – Master
Would you like to become a licensed plumber? Becoming a plumber is a two-pronged process that includes practical training and study. In Massachusetts, a hopeful plumber begins an apprenticeship program to receive technical education and complete the required hours of on-the-job training under a licensed master plumber. Plumbers who have successfully completed their apprenticeship are known as journeymen.
To work independently, a plumber is required to receive a license. An applicant will not receive credit for work experience and education unless they were completed in conjunction with one another as measured by calendar years. For each year in which an apprentice obtains 110 clock hours of education, that apprentice must accrue 1700 clock hours of qualifying work experience with some exceptions:
- An unlicensed individual may complete Tier 1 of the education requirement prior to obtaining an apprentice license.
- A licensed apprentice may complete Tier 1 and Tier 2 in a single calendar year.
- In the event that an apprentice is enrolled in a tier but loses their employment, they shall be permitted to complete the tier they are enrolled in.
There’s also an exam to test technical know-how and understanding of plumbing codes. According to the Massachusetts State Board of Plumbers and Pipefitters, before you take the licensing exam you must have an apprentice license, 5 years of on-the-job training, 550 hours (110 per year) of classroom instruction in plumbing code and theory from an approved school, and work for a master plumber.
All students must bring a current MA Plumbing and Gas Code Book to all classes. Approved school by the MA Board of State Examiners of Plumbers and Gas Fitters.
Requirements are subject to change at any time by the State of Massachusetts.
Tier I – First Year Lessons (20 weeks/110 hours)
|LESSON 1: Introduction to Plumbing||6 hours|
|LESSON 2: Safety & Installation Practices||10 hours|
|LESSON 3: Education and Experience Requirements 248 CMR 3.00 and 11.00||6 hours|
|LESSON 4: Materials, Tools, and Joining Methods used in Plumbing||18 hours|
|LESSON 5: Valves and Devices Used in Plumbing||9 hours|
|LESSON 6: Residential Blueprint Reading||15 hours|
|LESSON 7: Math||40 hours|
|LESSON 8: Definitions||6 hours|
Tier II Second Year Lessons (20 weeks/110 hours)
|LESSON 1: Drainage||3 hours|
|LESSON 2: Building Sanitary Waste and Venting System||6 hours|
|LESSON 3: Allowable Materials and Approval Procedures||3 hours|
|LESSON 4: Plumbing Traps||6 hours|
|LESSON 5: Cleanouts||3 hours|
|LESSON 6: Plumbing Code||6 hours|
|LESSON 7: Potable Water Supply||12 hours|
|LESSON 8: Math||32 hours|
|LESSON 9: Gas Fitting||24 hours|
|LESSON 10: Blueprint Reading||9 hours|
|LESSON 11: Definitions||6 hours|
Tier III Third Year Lessons (20 weeks/110 hours)
|LESSON 1: Venting||21 hours|
|LESSON 2: Drainage||18 hours|
|LESSON 3: Water Supply||18 hours|
|LESSON 4: Testing & Safety||6 hours|
|LESSON 5: Storm Drains||9 hours|
|LESSON 6: Gas Code||16 hours|
|LESSON 7: Fixture Installation||12 hours|
|LESSON 8: Definitions||10 hours|
Tier IV Fourth Year Lessons (20 weeks/110 hours)
|LESSON 1: Gas Code||27 hours|
|LESSON 2: General Provisions||6 hours|
|LESSON 3: Scope and Jurisdiction||3 hours|
|LESSON 4: Drainage Piping||24 hours|
|LESSON 5: Water Supply||12 hours|
|LESSON 6: Fixture Installations||12 hours|
|LESSON 7: Hospital Fixtures||3 hours|
|LESSON 8: Manufactured Homes & Construction Trailers||3 hours|
|LESSON 9: Public and Semi-Public Swimming Pools||3 hours|
|LESSON 10: Vacuum Drainage Systems||3 hours|
|LESSON 11: Basic Principles||6 hours|
|LESSON 12: Definitions||8 hours|
Tier V Fifth Year Lessons (20 weeks/110 hours)
|LESSONS 1 – 4: Plumbing & Gas Code Review||95 hours|
|LESSON 5: Business Related Costs||15 hours|